How Do Nuclear Submarines Make Oxygen?- Smarter Every Day 251

रोजी प्रकाशित केले 21 फेबृवारी, 2021
वेळा पाहिला 1 785 983
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GET SMARTER SECTION
Amine gas treating
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amine_gas_treating
Chlorate Candle Technical Sheet:
oclugo2.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Chlorate-Candle-Technical-Data-Sheet-Revision-3.pdf
Reverse Osmosis:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reverse_osmosis#Desalination
Lithium Hydroxide:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_hydroxide
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
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  • SmarterEveryDay

    SmarterEveryDay

    3 दिवसांपूर्वी

    1. A special thank you to those who support on Patreon at https://www.patreon.com/smartereveryday.
    2. I've decided to start sending the videos out via an email list. If you'd like to be notified directly so there's no Algorithm between you and I, Feel free to sign up here: https://www.smartereveryday.com/email-list . Be sure to add the address to your contacts so the email doesn't go to spam. Thanks for considering it!

    • Super Yacht Chef

      Super Yacht Chef

      3 तासांपूर्वी

      Dude - what language is the Submariner with glasses and baseball cap speaking, the subtitle didn't clarify his words?

    • dot

      dot

      5 तासांपूर्वी

      -Matter didn’t create anti matter -Anti matter didn’t create matter (Both of them were present at the time of big bang) -Both of them didn’t create themselves. -Both of them came from an unimaginable source, that unimaginable source created matter and antimatter (everything) thats why it is known as “the creator” of everything. ------ - that unimaginable source/creator has created sin and virtue which are opposite to each other, - logic says every action has its own reaction, so the reaction of sin must be different than the reaction of virtue, - the creator has created prophets to let us know about each and every detail of sin and virtue, also about their reactions, Thank you :)

    • MackASmack LickadySlap

      MackASmack LickadySlap

      9 तासांपूर्वी

      @Malinda Macrone so many different ways that "opp" can be interpreted as.

    • MackASmack LickadySlap

      MackASmack LickadySlap

      9 तासांपूर्वी

      @Malinda Macrone what?

    • Malinda Macrone

      Malinda Macrone

      9 तासांपूर्वी

      @MackASmack LickadySlap 0pp

  • PythonZz

    PythonZz

    4 मिनिटांपूर्वी

    2:51 "boat"

  • Slab Riprock

    Slab Riprock

    5 मिनिटांपूर्वी

    Well I only knew 1% of this. Awesome Video.

  • Abdullah E

    Abdullah E

    6 मिनिटांपूर्वी

    Now this is quality stuff 😉
    Thanks 👍

  • Ethan Carter

    Ethan Carter

    7 मिनिटांपूर्वी

    I\I I I/I

  • r holbrook

    r holbrook

    11 मिनिटांपूर्वी

    Anyone else see the look my my man's face when homie held the red phosphorus over the exposed candle 😅😓😰

  • Dylanger Gutierrez

    Dylanger Gutierrez

    18 मिनिटांपूर्वी

    "we're low on oxygen, we gotta burn these candles so we don't suffocate"
    "Oh neat, before you do that can I get a quick interview?"

  • Fernando Jose Profis

    Fernando Jose Profis

    21 मिनिटापूर्वी

    I simply love your channel!! Specifically because I'm diver 💕

  • Moon walk

    Moon walk

    21 मिनिटापूर्वी

    I understood nothing, but I watched the entire video anyway 🤣

  • Jeff K

    Jeff K

    24 मिनिटांपूर्वी

    What’s with the Ohh, when Dow says he is from Ohio???

  • Joseph Burchanowski

    Joseph Burchanowski

    27 मिनिटांपूर्वी

    3:00 4.9 Torr CO2; that is quite a lot. For comparison our atmosphere at 409 ppm co2 is only about 0.311 Torr. 4.9 Torr CO2 would be equivalent to 6,400 PPM outside.

  • Josh Stinsman

    Josh Stinsman

    27 मिनिटांपूर्वी

    Hollywood making a movie:
    "No you cannot shoot your movie ON the submarine that would be an issue of national security"
    Destin doing a random youtube video:
    "sure hop on! here's where we make our air!"
    LOL

  • Derrick Fyffe

    Derrick Fyffe

    28 मिनिटांपूर्वी

    This is very interesting... Can we actually replicate the oxygen production process similar to plants?

  • klint bromzz

    klint bromzz

    33 मिनिटांपूर्वी

    I was eating a sub this whole time an then realized I was watching a video about subs

  • Keith Brown

    Keith Brown

    39 मिनिटांपूर्वी

    You’re series on subs has been the most fascinating thing I watch thank you so much great job

  • ColdHeart

    ColdHeart

    41 मिनिटापूर्वी

    The wretched mouse functionally perform because stock traditionally suck after a itchy marble. quick, tame hardboard

  • Andreas Rasmussen

    Andreas Rasmussen

    42 मिनिटांपूर्वी

    oxygen candle is the same as for oxygenmasks for passenger on a plane, just a bit smaller on planes

  • Average Aaron

    Average Aaron

    44 मिनिटांपूर्वी

    2:09 Battle telephone. I love it!

  • Eddie Sprouse

    Eddie Sprouse

    45 मिनिटांपूर्वी

    Another great video. Thanks for making us all smarter every day!

  • YouShouldn't KnowMyName

    YouShouldn't KnowMyName

    46 मिनिटांपूर्वी

    Plants

  • Brien Rice

    Brien Rice

    53 मिनिटांपूर्वी

    R134a can also be detected by using the blue flame of propane and waving it around until it comes in contact with R134a (Tetrafluoroethane) or R-12 (dichlorodifluoromethane) when the Blue flame will turn brilliant green. The intensity of the greenness in the flame depends on the saturation level, so one can narrow the search for the source of the leak down by sweeping the area with the flame at floor level. This is not done in submarines for obvious reasons so they use a "Sniffer" instead. But, if you ever need to find a leak of these and some other nonvolatile gasses this is a good way to do so, with due "caution" of course.

  • White Thread

    White Thread

    तासापूर्वी

    Imagine how boring that job is..

  • Alpri Teze

    Alpri Teze

    तासापूर्वी

    Hey guys,
    We're a team looking who's greatly inspired to keep working hard and create a channel that's gonna provide some of the best Esports Tournament Games and meet Pro Players around.
    Please go take a look at our channel and let me know what you guys think? 🔥🔥🔥

  • lakewood85

    lakewood85

    तासापूर्वी

    I use the Bacharach Flue Gas Analyzer in my job. Bacharach makes great equipment.

  • Ruben Tucker

    Ruben Tucker

    तासापूर्वी

    since everything you just heard is top secret you will mysteriously disappear.. it was nice knowing you..lol

  • Mark Campbell

    Mark Campbell

    तासापूर्वी

    Refrigerant is usually halogenated carbon or halogenated vinyl. These were banned under the chemical weapon manufacture treaty the authority of the EPA was supposed to reach this obligation. It is possible to have refrigerators without refrigerant and without consumption of current. Edison generators and dynamos can produce any voltage and current needed without food or pollutants.

  • Steve Blackbird

    Steve Blackbird

    तासापूर्वी

    Funnily enough our old now retired B767-300's used oxygen generators (candles) about the size of a hockey puck for the pax in case of emergency. Pretty clever tech that I'm glad is still being used.
    Yes they get rather hot!!

  • CMDR Sweeper

    CMDR Sweeper

    तासापूर्वी

    I put off watching this as I figured I had it all down... But the MEA and the oxygen candles were unexpected, well the oxygen candles were somewhat expected.
    Airliners uses something similar for their emergency O2 supply if they lose cabin pressure.

  • usscharlottessn766

    usscharlottessn766

    तासापूर्वी

    Amine and midrats!!!!!

  • usscharlottessn766

    usscharlottessn766

    तासापूर्वी

    Also I was on a fast attack and this is the first time I’ve seen it as well😂😂😂

  • Nathan M

    Nathan M

    तासापूर्वी

    Is there not a way to monitor gas levels when the electricity goes out? Those leak detectors don't seem sufficient, as they are looking for high concentrations of gas.

  • kaito kid

    kaito kid

    तासापूर्वी

    Aren't you guys giving away way too much information about a nuclear submarine?

  • MR. E

    MR. E

    तासापूर्वी

    Only been out 3 days and almost 2mil views??? Nice job!!!

  • Spencer Bliven

    Spencer Bliven

    तासापूर्वी

    "I wanted you to meet my dog, Princess Bumper Snoot"...completely ignores his wife

  • usscharlottessn766

    usscharlottessn766

    तासापूर्वी

    This looks like a fast attack. Ah....memories

  • SeKeLuS

    SeKeLuS

    तासापूर्वी

    i cant understand a word the ohio man said :)

  • Alex Ortiz

    Alex Ortiz

    तासापूर्वी

    The fine platinum spectacularly train because spider nouzilly precede by a perpetual quail. undesirable, husky buzzard

  • bluestone best

    bluestone best

    तासापूर्वी

    now i want to try to dive with an oxygen candle (not in a submarine) to see how much oxygen i can get

  • Thomas g

    Thomas g

    तासापूर्वी

    9500btu is around 5277 °C 0.0

  • Artemirr Lazaris

    Artemirr Lazaris

    तासापूर्वी

    I have another question. Who knows if you read it. I need help designing and making a structure that is not electronic but mechanical in design.
    So, the inside layer is simply a compass. The secondary layer (outer sphere) I want it to be able to track fixed points towards our centre solar system. IE like the galactic median. I was thinking that setup process may include pointing at no fixed points from earth, thus it simply tracks the fixes locations of star cluster creating an intersecting points (cross hairs) of our solar system. Then a third layer of fixes galaxies towards our galaxy, painting crosshairs on our galaxy. I thin it would be fun and useful... Of course... the centre of our galaxy is offset from out location, just as earth is offset form the solar system centre for the previous one....
    My thoughts is if you like nasa, or navigation. A mechanical globe with layered spherical latices with points could rotate to those locations during night or day, so you always know your position relative to our observable universe.. which is good practice if one is traveling.... Compass direction give us 2D directions on earth... Solar system directions give us 3d dimensional directions on EARTH, but 3d directions in our solar system.. the process continues. their simply looking for stable points between systems of hierarchy that are stable enough to be used as accurate reference to conceptualize where we are in the universe. On earth without magnets it would be hard to create a reference of movement, with the stars changing, one would have to have a very good understanding of timing and location already to use the stars to conceptualize where the planet they are. Setting this up would change depending on fixed objects targeted in the sky...
    maybe that makes no sense, but it sounds like fun.. knowing your place in the universe... Universal navigator.. the reason I was thinking mechanical system, or limited energy, is that it would work in any place within our Galaxy. without the need of outside source of power except the person, winding it or whatever is used to track, and power its movements.... and with base knowledge one could set it up... to navigate again.. hmm... lost in space.. with a ... galactic compass. lol... rather then a solar or terrestrial one. :D

  • Ectar

    Ectar

    तासापूर्वी

    The amine absorbs CO2 better when cold, so after the amine gets heated up in the boiler and had its CO2 driven off, first the now lean amine is used to preheat the incoming rich amine in a heat exchanger.This helps to cool the lean amine as well as pre-heat the rich amine, which reduces the amount of external heating and cooling that needs to be done, saving energy. The lean anime is then further cooled before being sprayed again.

  • Andy Spark

    Andy Spark

    तासापूर्वी

    Very interesting video. Would be kinda concerned about potential of flash oxygen fires without the oxygen being highly diluted immediately. Doesn't take much percent higher than nominal to create dangerous conditions in an enclosed space. Presumably, the electrolysis oxygen production is the normal method and maybe it pipes/dilutes into vent system rather than just pouring it into production area...?

  • Ana Sandoval

    Ana Sandoval

    तासापूर्वी

    I understood this but I also felt like it was way above my paygrade. What I am curious about is how they dispose of the used candles? Do they throw them out to sea to decrease any potential added weight or are they kept on board?

  • DJ Gaming

    DJ Gaming

    तासापूर्वी

    This isn't a troll question, I really am curious.
    What happens if someone or if many people are farting all night from like consuming dairy or whatever?
    I know I've ruined a tent doing that. Would the alarms go off?

  • David Reynolds

    David Reynolds

    तासापूर्वी

    No mention of snorkeling?! :(

  • Erik Kasper

    Erik Kasper

    तासापूर्वी

    So is there a way to make oxygen in space? You know, without the water around you?

    • laskin riubn

      laskin riubn

      तासापूर्वी

      explanation?

  • Jim-Jim Mann IV

    Jim-Jim Mann IV

    तासापूर्वी

    19:08 Guy needs to be a model!

  • erstesOG :Domus7

    erstesOG :Domus7

    तासापूर्वी

    What happens with the hydrogen from the electrolysis?

    • laskin riubn

      laskin riubn

      तासापूर्वी

      security from cyber threats, or because these submarines haven't received a big time update in several decades? I can't help but think that having your breathable air levels o

  • Dutch Parisien

    Dutch Parisien

    तासापूर्वी

    It's logically..... not do smart🙄😕

  • Ravi M

    Ravi M

    2 तासांपूर्वी

    WoW Just woW, Totally Blown away with how technically complex a sub is and the things people have to do to keep things running.

  • BOOZINGA

    BOOZINGA

    2 तासांपूर्वी

    Please go back to somewhat short videos

  • Phire

    Phire

    2 तासांपूर्वी

    Oxygen not included.

  • Matthew de Oliveira

    Matthew de Oliveira

    2 तासांपूर्वी

    This here is a NIN.

  • Mj C

    Mj C

    2 तासांपूर्वी

    I wonder. Did they have to burn the candles because you were on board and the system was limited? Or were they just giving you a great tour? Seems like they wouldn't need to use them very often.

  • lolsfacebook

    lolsfacebook

    2 तासांपूर्वी

    As much as this video was interesting as they all are, your runing jacket took the cake for best part of the episode. Too cool

  • &I

    &I

    2 तासांपूर्वी

    Why can't you just bring plants onto the submarine that don't require sunlight?

  • Nic

    Nic

    2 तासांपूर्वी

    "I'm from ohio"
    "Oh.."

  • Sojourner

    Sojourner

    2 तासांपूर्वी

    4:55 :E

  • Egiteguh YP

    Egiteguh YP

    2 तासांपूर्वी

    Smarter everyday

  • Jan Van Nkandla

    Jan Van Nkandla

    2 तासांपूर्वी

    Lunar lander LooL

  • moreelo silva

    moreelo silva

    2 तासांपूर्वी

    Why did the rocket on the wall move 🤔🤔🤔😂.time 27min27sec..

  • Екатерина Назырова

    Екатерина Назырова

    2 तासांपूर्वी

    The abrasive garlic multivariably improve because innocent immunocytochemically place notwithstanding a clammy algebra. cruel, known stock

  • Jared Lind

    Jared Lind

    2 तासांपूर्वी

    Question for everyone in the comments. All the tech in this episode looks super legacy, everything is analogue and CRT screens. Is that simplicity for ease of repair sake, security from cyber threats, or because these submarines haven't received a big time update in several decades? I can't help but think that having your breathable air levels on a tablet (for example) would be far superior than physical dials having to cycle from one screen to another in the event of a critical air situation. Can someone venture an explanation?

  • Swordless Mimetown

    Swordless Mimetown

    2 तासांपूर्वी

    YOURE DOING COVERAGE ON THE ROVER?! I’m stoked to see! Hopefully you bring in Mark Rober to talk about his role. I would really like to hear about it! Thanks for being the tightest channel!

  • Vyrus01AP1

    Vyrus01AP1

    2 तासांपूर्वी

    my grandfather was the oxygen generator technician on a sub back in the 60s. had 2 on board. used one as parts to keep the other in operation.

  • Maggie Trupido

    Maggie Trupido

    2 तासांपूर्वी

    ⚡❄🌬🌊🌜💈🌁💒☁☀🌀🌈🔥💧⭐🌟⛅ *På grund av kärlek. Gud sände sin son Jesus Kristus för att dö i vår plats. Tre dagar senare. Rose honom från de döda. Nu. Endast av Jesus Kristus.* *Gud har gett oss den eviga livets fria gåva. Han kommer att rädda och läka dig..* *(titta upp mot himlen och fråga honom))*

  • HaunterOfKanto

    HaunterOfKanto

    3 तासांपूर्वी

    Fascinating!

  • raha1277

    raha1277

    3 तासांपूर्वी

    Great series!

  • Tarvis 52

    Tarvis 52

    3 तासांपूर्वी

    Do the candles at least smell good?

  • Green Nights

    Green Nights

    3 तासांपूर्वी

    Can't just type in the link, works from here. I click the headphones, 404 Page Not Found. If I m going to spend that much, better come with a resonance helmet.

  • Biscuit ُ

    Biscuit ُ

    3 तासांपूर्वी

    real life oxygen not included

  • Aron Kogler

    Aron Kogler

    3 तासांपूर्वी

    4:35 that guy in the bg is legend😂😂😂😂😂

  • Cam Mitchel

    Cam Mitchel

    3 तासांपूर्वी

    We do not create Oxygen, it is separated out of water, which is made up of hydrogen and oxygen.

  • burleydad

    burleydad

    3 तासांपूर्वी

    Did he say "Nine Inch Nail"?!

  • 1 stp klosr

    1 stp klosr

    3 तासांपूर्वी

    I love you Destin

  • astrong0

    astrong0

    3 तासांपूर्वी

    Those candles 100% remind me of the SolidOX soldering bars you used to be able to buy at a hardware store. Same thing on them too. Some sort of perchlorate compound in a small ( the size of a roll of US quarters) with a red phosphorous tip. Light it, stick it in the holder, and it pushes out oxygen enriched gas that we used to melt copper down with. The spent bar was a strange slag looking bread textured thing. Just like those clinkers. I bet these are the same things just bigger.

  • Joseph F Portelli

    Joseph F Portelli

    3 तासांपूर्वी

    They are indeed, very fine bubbles. On both sides.

  • Adam Sullivan

    Adam Sullivan

    3 तासांपूर्वी

    So if you do electrolysis on the salt water and get H2 and Cl what happens to the oxygen and sodium?

  • Nadeem Sadeia

    Nadeem Sadeia

    3 तासांपूर्वी

    Next: how do international space station make oxygen?

  • Matthew Hunter

    Matthew Hunter

    3 तासांपूर्वी

    I feel like you could take the amount of carbon dioxide that was produced and put it through some fancy machine and find out what somebody said based on how much carbon dioxide they created and in which patterns to make words

  • Green Nights

    Green Nights

    3 तासांपूर्वी

    Claustrophobia, freaking out just watching.

  • Alfie Bee

    Alfie Bee

    3 तासांपूर्वी

    When you learn more in this video then a year in chemistry gcse

  • OFFICIALLY SPARSH

    OFFICIALLY SPARSH

    3 तासांपूर्वी

    A boy asked a girl in a library: "Do you mind if I sit next to you"? The girl replied with a loud angry voice; "I don't want to spend the night with you !! Everyone in the library started looking at the boy and felt embarrassed. After a few minutes the girl walked calmly to the boy's table and said: I study psychology and I know what the man is thinking, I suppose you felt ashamed, right? The boy answered out loud: $ 300 for one night That's too much! and all the people in the library looked at the girl in shock and the boy whispered in her ear, "I study laws and I know how to make someone guilty ... 🤭

    If you like the comment, please "write" on my channel ...
    I know I misspelled spelling and grammar 🤗 But YouTube doesn't allow promotion ... It only takes 5 seconds, thanks ❤️🙏🏻 [If you don't want to sub ***** e, that's fine, but don't spread the hate ..

  • blaster 0416

    blaster 0416

    3 तासांपूर्वी

    I wonder what kind of strings he pulled to video tape on a nuclear submarine and demonstrate the equipment.

  • Michael Stone

    Michael Stone

    3 तासांपूर्वी

    So what does Destin actually do for a living? He is incredibly smart!

  • David Craddock

    David Craddock

    3 तासांपूर्वी

    Destins next video “remember those oxygen candles I showed you. I made those same ones But larger

  • 如月飛羽

    如月飛羽

    3 तासांपूर्वी

    8:22 that's such an effective visualization.

  • Lo Kiwi Na

    Lo Kiwi Na

    3 तासांपूर्वी

    Was kinda hoping there was just a room full of potted plants somewhere on the sub

  • VICTOR MANUEL FLOREZ FRANCO

    VICTOR MANUEL FLOREZ FRANCO

    3 तासांपूर्वी

    this guy should be on the tv

  • Jason Rhome

    Jason Rhome

    4 तासांपूर्वी

    Are you named after Destin Florida? Never heard that name before until I went there lol.

  • Whiskey Delta 40

    Whiskey Delta 40

    4 तासांपूर्वी

    Like that game Oxygen not included but irl

  • Eric Waltersdorf

    Eric Waltersdorf

    4 तासांपूर्वी

    Someday compare this to what they have to do on the International Space Station. Low gravity makes this all much harder.

  • Chethan Burre

    Chethan Burre

    4 तासांपूर्वी

    So the rate of Oxygen consumed to burn the candle is far less than the rate of Oxygen released from burning the candle?

  • Christopher Eshleman

    Christopher Eshleman

    4 तासांपूर्वी

    An answer to the thumbnail before watching: because the substance they're surrounded by is a third oxygen. Jeez.

  • Nick Fedorov

    Nick Fedorov

    4 तासांपूर्वी

    "So where did you learn all this?"
    "In the Navy"
    "In the Navy?"
    "Yes, in the Navy"
    *Village People music starts playing*

  • gunit 010

    gunit 010

    4 तासांपूर्वी

    What are you doing in there bothering those people for your own benefit when they are busy protecting american ?

  • WingfootMcNova

    WingfootMcNova

    4 तासांपूर्वी

    Isn't the sub docked on the surface during this video? They still burn oxygen candles when they're surfaced? I would have thought they'd just ventilate air from outside.

  • redstang5150

    redstang5150

    4 तासांपूर्वी

    HEY - was that the Mythbusters artist?

  • John Harpe

    John Harpe

    4 तासांपूर्वी

    -------- Original message --------
    From: John Harpe
    Date: 2/24/21 8:43 AM (GMT-08:00)
    To: John Harpe
    Subject:

    Dear GSED,
    Thank you for your YouTube productions. I have enjoyed many. A recent offering brought to attention “Central Atmospheric Monitoring Station” (or something along those lines) on nuclear submarines for crew oxygen and carbon dioxide management. Having a background as a retired First Responder and Respiratory Therapist myself, I hope you don’t mind me asking an academic question regarding ship HVAC designs that can possibly destroy aerial microbes from the atmospheric while encouraging air and droplet microbes to enter a floor ventilation intake away from hands and noses, and then is ionized and temperature controlled as it travels up wall passages to be re-introduced above a Sailors head. Air movement is then encouraged to move from top down.
    I believe the end effect would be like being in the center of a toroidal vortex gas movement, but the recirculated air is N95 filtered and USN sterilized before overhead reintroduction.
    Thank you kindly😊

  • Snow axe

    Snow axe

    4 तासांपूर्वी

    The only submarines I have been in to is "KOSATKA", it got everything a person needs,
    A sleeping Quarter
    Kitchen with Beer, Pizza, and Red Caviar
    Bedroom
    TV
    Obviously, it armed with Torpedo and Missiles,